Academic research typically occurs in an open environment and frequently involves formal or informal collaboration with other organizations.
In addition, researchers are highly mobile and almost all academic laboratories host students and visiting scientists on a continuous basis. This increases the likelihood that research results include a contribution from an external party. Depending on the nature and context of the contribution, it may entitle an external party to certain rights on or even the co-ownership of a patent application. Furthermore, the funding for academic research comes from many different sources. The conditions associated with several of these funding sources impose obligations with respect to the ownership and use of the research results and issuing patent applications.
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